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As reconstructive surgery’s aim is to reconstruct any part of the body and to improve its functioning, cosmetic or else it is called aesthetic surgery aims at improving the appearance of it. Both the techniques are used widely throughout the world.
Plastic surgery is surgical method that involves alteration or reconstruction of human body, restoration and recreation. It is special type of surgery that is change one’s appearance and ability. It is broad field and is divided into two main categories. Both the categories are used widely.
Reconstructive plastic surgery is to correct the abnormalities in body as well as face caused by birth defects, injury, disease. The main goal of reconstructive plastic surgery is to improve the body function. This may also be done to create a normal appearance and improve self-esteem. Abnormal structures of the body may result from:
- Developmental abnormalities
- Birth defects
SurgeryÂ which is done to enhance the face appearance and body parts is called asÂ aesthetic surgery. This should be approached with caution. Before fixing an appointment with aÂ cosmetic surgeon, you should be clear on your motives to change how you look. Many characteristics of the physical appearance can be successfully changed throughÂ cosmeticÂ orÂ aesthetic surgery.
Surgery that is being performed in the breast is called as breast surgery. Blood cancer surgery is being done widely. It is a safe procedure, but it carries minute risk of complications which includes loss of sensation in the chest and reconstructed breasts. There will also be some wound healing problem.
- Breast lift surgery
- Breast augmentation
- Breast implant
- Breast conserving surgery
- Surgical breast biopsy
- Breast reduction
Our appearance is more important, as it create an impact about us to other people. The facial plastic surgery will help us to improve our outer appearance and to increase our self-esteem. Some people would like to change a certain part in their face, and some are born with abnormalities. This surgery is meant to enhance the visual appearance, structure and features. This procedure includes
- Face lift
- Eye lift
- Cheek and chin implants
- Wrinkles correction
The cosmetic procedure that removes the unwanted fat which seems to can’t get rid of it even through diet and exercise is called as liposuction. The surgeon will usually do this procedure on people’s hip, belly, thigh, buttocks, back, arm and face to improve its shape. This can also be done with facelift, breast reduction and tummy tuck.
- Tumescent liposuction
- Ultrasound assisted liposuction
- Laser assisted liposuction
Abdominoplasty is otherwise called as “Tummy Tuck”. This is a cosmetic surgery that involves in the removal of the excess fat from abdomen. This is done to tighten the muscle after pregnancy and major weight loss. A complete procedure of abdominoplasty will take place in 1-5 hours of time. The partial procedure of abdominoplasty is “Mini-tuck abdominoplasty”. This will take place in 1-2 hours of time.
- Complete abdominoplasty
- Partial abdominoplasty
- Extended abdominoplasty
- High lateral tension tummy tuck
- Floating abdominoplasty
- Circumferential abdominoplasty
- Combination procedures
Plastic surgery is the procedure that is used to restore the function of hands and fingers. The reconstruction of hand can also be done for reasons such as hand injuries, rheumatic disease, birth defects and infection on hand. This procedure has the risk of bleeding, incomplete healing and blood clot may form.
- Skin grafts
- Skin flaps
- Closed reduction and fixation
- Tendon repair
- Nerves repair
- Surgical drainage
- Joint replacement
- Brow lifting
- Entropion and ectropion
- Eyelid skin cancer
- Thyroid eye disease
- Orbital fractures
Bariatric surgery is the process which is held to lose weight. This is done by making some change in people’s digestive system. This will decrease the risks of threatening excessive weight problems including heart disease, blood pressure.
The cosmetic ear surgery is otherwise called as otoplasty. This is the process of changing the shape, size, position of the ear. This can even be done to people with birth ear defects. Otoplasty can only be done only when the ear has reached growing to its full size (usually it would be after age 5-adulthood). Otoplasty poses some risks such as scaring, ear placement, stitches problem.
Cosmetic dentistry is the procedure to oral care. This will improve the appearance of teeth, mouth and will improvise your smile. The procedure used in cosmetic dentistry is quite simple when compared to others. Inlays and Onlays are the dentistry materials that are made in the dental laboratory.
Invasive surgery is done usually with an incision that breaks the skin. The minimally invasive technology will cause lesser pain, lesser scar and fast recovery. This procedure usually uses laser. The non-invasive plastic surgery gives no scar, low cost and no complicated risks. The invasive plastics surgeries are the nose reshaping, contouring, breast and facial surgery, weight loss surgery. The non-invasive procedure consists of injectables, skin care treatment and facial rejuvenation.
Gender reassignment surgery (GRS) is well known as sex reassignment surgery (SRS) and many other names. It is the process of gender transition. Usually people who are suffering from gender dysphoria will hardly suffer from odd feeling like they have born in a wrong gender. Some feels comfortable with dysphoria. Some type of GRS
When we have severe wound or burn it will destroy our outer appearance and will reduce the sensation. The burn surgery will help to reconstruct the burned area. The categories under burn surgery are acute and reconstructive. The care that is given after the burn immediately by the trauma surgeons is called acute burn surgery. The reconstructive burn surgery is to improve the outer appearance of the burn scars.
This is one of the growing specialities for women and plastic surgery. This is done to enhance the visual appearance of vaginal region and to restore to function which is affected by aging and by childbirth. Its aim is to improve the appearance and performance of vagina and labia.
However, this plastic surgery contains many complication and risks such as
- Blood loss
- Nerve damage
- Vein thrombosis
- Pulmonary embolism
- Organ damage
- Anaesthesia complication
- Body dysmorphic disorder
The endoscopic plastic surgery is the newest fast-growing procedure. This procedure needs various instrument to process. Initially there was certain limitations in the endoscopic techniques. Now it is overcoming most of it. This endoscopic process takes place in following procedures.
Some people are suffering from psychological problem before and also after undergoing plastic surgery. Now a days even surgeons suggest them to go and consult with the psychiatrist. Consulting psychiatrist will increase the patient’s self-esteem and confidence. The patient’s satisfaction over the surgical procedure will valuate the success of the procedure.
This is the vaginal correction treatment which is done for some cosmetic reasons and age-related reasons. This consist of certain categories. Labiaplasty is the procedure is done to reduce the labia minora length. This is done because of discomfort during physical activities. Vaginoplasty is the procedure that will tighten up the vagina after childbirth and aging.
There will be some child who needs this kind of surgery to correct their deformities such as illness, tumour, injury and even birth defect. Various technics are in service as the same way in the adult plastic surgery.
- Breast deformities
- Ear problem
- Cosmetic surgery
- Reconstructive surgery
- Craniofacial and maxillofacial surgery
- Hemangiomas and Birth marks
- Scar correction